Protein Name vascular endothelial growth factor A
Organism Rattus norvegicus
Gene ID 83785
Gene Symbol


UniProt P16612 (VEGFA_RAT), A0A0G2K6Z7 (A0A0G2K6Z7_RAT), Q541S7 (Q541S7_RAT), B5DEK7 (B5DEK7_RAT)
Relationships Total Number of functionally related compound(s) : 1424
Total Number of Articles : 2407

vascular endothelial growth factor A

Gene Summary

This gene is a member of the PDGF/VEGF growth factor family. It encodes a heparin-binding protein, which exists as a disulfide-linked homodimer. This growth factor induces proliferation and migration of vascular endothelial cells, and is essential for both physiological and pathological angiogenesis. Disruption of this gene in mice resulted in abnormal embryonic blood vessel formation. This gene is upregulated in many known tumors and its expression is correlated with tumor stage and progression. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. There is also evidence for alternative translation initiation from upstream non-AUG (CUG) codons resulting in additional isoforms. A recent study showed that a C-terminally extended isoform is produced by use of an alternative in-frame translation termination codon via a stop codon readthrough mechanism, and that this isoform is antiangiogenic. Expression of some isoforms derived from the AUG start codon is regulated by a small upstream open reading frame, which is located within an internal ribosome entry site. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2015]

  • vascular endothelial growth factor A
  • vascular permeability factor
  • VEGF-A
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