Title : The effects of smoked nicotine on measures of subjective states and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis hormones in women during the follicular and luteal phases of the menstrual cycle.

Pub. Date : 2015 May-Jun

PMID : 25783522

1 Functional Relationships(s)
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1 RESULTS: Smoked nicotine activated HPA, measured by adrenocorticotropin hormone (ACTH), cortisol, and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) response and affected subjective states in both follicular and luteal phases, with increased "High," "Rush," and decreased "Craving." Nicotine proopiomelanocortin Homo sapiens