Protein Name surfactant protein B
Organism Homo sapiens
Gene ID 6439
Gene Symbol

SFTPB

UniProt P07988 (PSPB_HUMAN), D6W5L6 (D6W5L6_HUMAN)
Relationships Total Number of functionally related compound(s) : 288
Total Number of Articles : 342
Description

surfactant protein B

Gene Summary

This gene encodes the pulmonary-associated surfactant protein B (SPB), an amphipathic surfactant protein essential for lung function and homeostasis after birth. Pulmonary surfactant is a surface-active lipoprotein complex composed of 90% lipids and 10% proteins which include plasma proteins and apolipoproteins SPA, SPB, SPC and SPD. The surfactant is secreted by the alveolar cells of the lung and maintains the stability of pulmonary tissue by reducing the surface tension of fluids that coat the lung. The SPB enhances the rate of spreading and increases the stability of surfactant monolayers in vitro. Multiple mutations in this gene have been identified, which cause pulmonary surfactant metabolism dysfunction type 1, also called pulmonary alveolar proteinosis due to surfactant protein B deficiency, and are associated with fatal respiratory distress in the neonatal period. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding the same protein have been identified.[provided by RefSeq, Feb 2010]

synonyms
  • pulmonary surfactant-associated protein B
  • 18 kDa pulmonary-surfactant protein
  • 6 kDa protein
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Properties