Protein Name chorionic somatomammotropin hormone 1
Organism Homo sapiens
Gene ID 1442
Gene Symbol

CSH1

UniProt P0DML2 (CSH1_HUMAN), P0DML3 (CSH2_HUMAN), A8K6C2 (A8K6C2_HUMAN)
Relationships Total Number of functionally related compound(s) : 205
Total Number of Articles : 161
Description

chorionic somatomammotropin hormone 1

Gene Summary

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the somatotropin/prolactin family of hormones and plays an important role in growth control. The gene is located at the growth hormone locus on chromosome 17 along with four other related genes in the same transcriptional orientation; an arrangement which is thought to have evolved by a series of gene duplications. Although the five genes share a remarkably high degree of sequence identity, they are expressed selectively in different tissues. Alternative splicing generates additional isoforms of each of the five growth hormones, leading to further diversity and potential for specialization. This particular family member is expressed mainly in the placenta and utilizes multiple transcription initiation sites. Expression of the identical mature proteins for chorionic somatomammotropin hormones 1 and 2 is upregulated during development, although the ratio of 1 to 2 increases by term. Mutations in this gene result in placental lactogen deficiency and Silver-Russell syndrome. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

synonyms
  • chorionic somatomammotropin hormone 1
  • Chorionic somatomammotropin hormone 2
  • choriomammotropin
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Properties