Protein Name cytochrome P450 family 7 subfamily B member 1
Organism Homo sapiens
Gene ID 9420
Gene Symbol

CYP7B1

UniProt O75881 (CP7B1_HUMAN), Q05C57 (Q05C57_HUMAN)
Relationships Total Number of functionally related compound(s) : 55
Total Number of Articles : 68
Description

cytochrome P450 family 7 subfamily B member 1

Gene Summary

This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This endoplasmic reticulum membrane protein catalyzes the first reaction in the cholesterol catabolic pathway of extrahepatic tissues, which converts cholesterol to bile acids. This enzyme likely plays a minor role in total bile acid synthesis, but may also be involved in the development of atherosclerosis, neurosteroid metabolism and sex hormone synthesis. Mutations in this gene have been associated with hereditary spastic paraplegia (SPG5 or HSP), an autosomal recessive disorder. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2016]

synonyms
  • cytochrome P450 7B1
  • 24-hydroxycholesterol 7-alpha-hydroxylase
  • 25-hydroxycholesterol 7-alpha-hydroxylase
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Properties