Title : Effect of ingested pentoxifylline on neutrophil superoxide anion production.

Pub. Date : 1992 Nov

PMID : 1356929






2 Functional Relationships(s)
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1 In vitro, pentoxifylline (PTOX) inhibits superoxide anion production when PMN are stimulated with an activated complement component (C5a Des Arg) or formyl peptides but only at concentrations not achieved in the circulation. Superoxides complement C5a receptor 1 Homo sapiens
2 Superoxide anion production, monitored by lucigenin-enhanced chemiluminescence, was inhibited by 40.5% +/- 8.0% (n = 8, P < 0.009) for C5a Des Arg and 47.7% +/- 9.6% (n = 8, P < 0.009) for formyl-methionylleucylphenylalanine stimulation 1.5 h after ingestion of 400 mg of PTOX in a slow-release tablet, with some inhibitory effects persisting at 5 h. There was a strong correlation between reduced PMN response to activated complement and plasma concentrations of three PTOX metabolites (P < 0.05), but not with plasma concentrations of the parent drug. Superoxides complement C5a receptor 1 Homo sapiens